Revista española de Documentación Científica, Vol 40, No 1 (2017)

El papel del CSIC en el grado de apertura de la estrategia de innovación de las empresas españolas


https://doi.org/10.3989/redc.2017.1.1365

Oihana Valmaseda-Andia
Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9013-179X

Eneka Albizu-Gallastegi
Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0922-5583

Resumen


Las empresas, cada vez más, utilizan una estrategia de innovación abierta que les posibilita la realización y comercialización de sus innovaciones. En este trabajo se analiza cuál es el grado de apertura (amplitud y profundidad) de la estrategia de innovación seguida por 787 empresas españolas y el papel que juega el CSIC dentro de estas estrategias. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren la existencia de una clara asociación entre esta estrategia y el desempeño innovador de las empresas que conforman la muestra. Asimismo, se pone de manifiesto cuál es el diferencial del CSIC en relación con el resto de los actores que interactúan con las empresas en sus procesos de innovación. Más concretamente, este organismo se distingue significativamente por la aportación de conocimiento efectuada a las empresas a través del apoyo tecnológico o consultoría y las investigaciones bajo contrato. Finalmente, se establecen las implicaciones derivadas del estudio.

Palabras clave


Innovación abierta; grado de apertura; amplitud; profundidad; CSIC; organismo público de investigación (OPI)

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